They often have difficult names behind which - for those who are affected - are hidden dramas and endless suffering, from the first stirrings able to drag on for a lifetime in an atmosphere of loneliness and sometimes even abandoned. The cranio-maxillo-facial "important", are those particularly serious, not only for the immediate consequences related to the survival of those who fell victim, but also for the psychological and social conditions which is surely doomed.
The craniofacial malformations are the result of improper development of the embryo during the first trimester of intrauterine life. The earlier developmental abnormality occurs, the more severe the malformation that occurs.
The malformations involving only the cranial vault are said craniostenosis isolated (eg. Plagiocephaly, scaphocephaly, brachycephalia ...), those that involve both the skull that the face are called syndromes with craniosynostosis, among the most common are the Crouzon syndrome and Apert syndrome. Malformations involving the maxilla and the mandible are cleft lip and palate, the Hemifacial microsomia, and Franceschetti syndrome.
All'11-15% with an incidence of congenital malformations, cleft lip and palate are the most common craniofacial malformations. For several years, however, new techniques and surgical instruments more advanced can best solve many of these problems, even the most difficult and the most dramatic, restoring a normal life, made of serenity and suffering, all right.
A way that the Pope John XXIII Hospital has taken a dozen years now, and that soon led him to be an international reference center of the highest level, to which the same American surgeons - pioneers in this field - watching with great interest. Chief of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery of the Pope John XXIII Hospital is Dr.Antonino Cassisi.